Knee Pain

Knee pain is common not only among the sporting population but also in the aging population. Knee pain may be caused by local structures within or around the knee, or may be referred from other sources such as the lower back or hip joint.

Causes

There are many factors that may contribute to knee pain:

Type of exercise you do (eg repetitive load in running, netball etc)

Over weight/obesity

Hereditary reasons

Referred pain from the back or hip

Types of Knee Injuries

 



Osteoarthritis

Arthritis is one of the most common causes of knee pain. Both degenerative arthritis and Rheumatoid arthritis can affect the knee joint.

Treatment options may include:

  • Osteopathy
  • Myotherapy
  • Referral to a rheumatologist
  • Periods of activity and rest
  • Surgery in some instances


Ligament Tear

The knee receives a lot of its stability via the ligaments and meniscus (cartilage) surrounding the knee. Ligament tears are common in sporting injuries and cause instability, discomfort, reduced range of motion within the knee joint. There are varying degrees of tears that occur. Commonly injured ligaments include Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) and medial collateral ligament (MCL).

In some cases surgery may be required and almost in all cases exercise rehabilitation will be required to return the knee to full function.

Treatment options may include:

  • Rest, ice, compression bandage
  • Sports taping
  • Osteopathy
  • Myotherapy
  • Surgery
  • Exercise Rehabilitation
  • Clinical pilates


Hamstring Strain

The hamstring muscles run along the back of the thigh from the pelvis to the knee joint. Weakness or damage to this muscle can cause pain and instability at the knee joint.

Hamstring strains often occur due to weakness in the deep stabilising muscles of the pelvis and hip. They often occur during sprinting sports.

Treatments may include:

  • Osteopathy
  • Myotherapy
  • Exercise Rehabilitation
  • Clinical pilates


Meniscus Tears

Tears in the medial or lateral meniscus of the knee are a common sporting injury that can result in knee pain. They are most commonly seen as a resulting of twisting or rotating on the knee. These injuries may involve discomfort, swelling, locking, clicking or popping in the knee. In some cases surgery may be required and almost in all cases exercise rehabilitation will be required to return the knee to full function.

Treatment options may include:

  • Osteopathy
  • Myotherapy
  • Surgery
  • Exercise Rehabilitation
  • Clinical pilates

Patellofemoral Pain

Pain is often felt over the front and occasionally, side of the knee. The pain usually comes on gradually although can occur after trauma. This is often seen in runners and sports that involve jumping and can be due to altered activity of muscles surrounding the knee and hip.

Treatment options may include:

  • Sports taping
  • Osteopathy
  • Myotherapy
  • Exercise Rehabilitation
  • Clinical pilates